I think his diet was like that of a hippo where he was usually a herbivore but in droughts and food shortage triceratops would eat meat. I don't think triceratops was a carnivore on a usual basis and hippos also have bone crushing jaws and yet they only occasionally eat meat.
i read that thing, & i still don't think it ate meat. i can believe that it's jaws were able to crunch through bone, but who's to say it did? wouldn't it make more sense for it to use those strong jaws to crunch through tree bark? that to me, is more likely than Triceratops eating meat.
sincerely, even when they thought it was a herbivore, people knew it's jaws could crunch through bone. why would it's jaw suddenly become weak when it starts to eat meat? anyway, deers don't have bone crunching jaws, they don't need them to EAT SONGBIRDS. (they are known to do so)
You didn't say they became weak, but you said they were too weak to crunch through bone. However, if they could crunch bark and break branches, it could aswell crush hollow and thin bones. It's not going to bite through thick and solid bones like his own, of course, but when eating meat it's most likely that Triceratops acted like deers, boars, pigs, bovines, and other faculative carnivores, nipping at soft meat or eating extremely small animals like songbirds.
Not to chew flesh or bone, indeed, but they could've swallowed it whole like other carnivores. All the dinosaurs do is basically rip flesh off and swallow it (except for T-rex, which eats the bone aswell)
you probably read the article, but if you didn't, you don't have to worry. the modern day wild boar is mostly a herbivore, but will scavage dead meat and bone on occasion simply to get needed proteins and minerals. the triceratops might have just done the same.
I prefer muddy ground for late cretaceous....late cretaceous was humid!
I believed late cretaceous was a colorful world...colorful flowers and some insects related to flowers (ladybirds, moth, wasp), birds with pretty voice, blue and green dragonfly, slimy snail, fruit tree exist in late cretaceous....volcano and dust air related to volcano smoke and flowers pollination exist....you can add such things to your pictures for making a better imagination about Tyrannosaurs and ceratops life.....
I hope my advise do not make you angry...it is just an friendly advice from a lonely biologist.....I always like your art very much!
Best wishes for you and your family, your brother always, Amin Khaleghparast (a lonely biologist from Tehran, IRAN)
Like for instance, hippo's usually eat vegetation but it is known that they sometimes feast on carcasses as well. And Duiker antilopes usually feed from shrubs but are known to eat small birds and insects too
not to mention mammalian ancestors fed sometimes on their own young when there was no other way to escape a predator as i saw in the first episode of walking with dinosaurs ('new blood') where a pair of thrinaxodon had to do this to have a better chance at escaping a pair of coelophysis and to deny the dinosaurs their meal.
Oh god, not'll never look the Triceratops in the same way. A beast of 9 meters in length, with three horns on his head, heavy even 8 tons and today I find out that it was also carnivorous dinosaur ... this is now more terrifying than ever.
''In nature, there are no clear boundaries between herbivory and omnivory and carnivory. Foxes are known to eat fruits and deers are known to eat songbirds. Considering the shearing teeth and large sharp beaks of Ceratopsians would be good at chopping not only vegetary matter, but also meat, itīs not farfetched to imagine them as being more omnivorous than hadrosaurs or ankylosaurs'' -RickRaptor105